The kallitype is one of several pre-silver gelatin contact printing processes utilizing light sensitive salts to create an image. The process was developed by Dr. W. W. Nichol (1889) based upon the previous work of Sir John Herschel (ca. 1842) who discovered an iron salt conversion to metalic iron when exposed to ultra-violet light. This is the same chemical conversion seen in Cyanotypes and VanDyke browns.
An emulsion of iron oxalate and silver nitrate is brushed onto paper, allowed to dry, then placed in a contact printing frame with a negative before exposure to natural sunlight. The resulting image is then developed in a weak acid bath to produce the rich chocolate black tones.
Most of these images are reinterpretations of original silver gelatin prints. They were scanned to digital, then printed as negatives on clear acetate. The final images were contact printed using the kallitype process on 100% cotton art paper. Some are mounted and framed with the brush marks showing; some are matted to hide the over-brushing. Consequently, each has a different aesthetic feel.
They have been shown in exhibit in different configurations at Art Hop (2007), on the Maine Media Workshops web page (2008), at the Creative Spirit Art Center (2008), and again at Art Hop (2009). St. Sophia and Mother and Daughter were shown at the New York State juried art exhibit at the Frederic Remington Museum (2012). I use the Self Portrait with Coffee image on my business card. It has a final "toning" with cafe au lait poured from a height of approximately three feet.